Ptosis is the medical term for a condition in which the upper eyelid droops down slightly or in severe cases, the lid droops low enough to cover the whole pupil and block normal vision. Ptosis can occur in both children and adults.
A number of factors may contribute to the development of ptosis. These include:
- Weakening of the levator muscles (muscles of the upper eye lid) from ageing or may be present at birth
- Brain and spinal cord injuries resulting in weakening of facial and eye muscles
- Auto-immune diseases such as Myasthenia gravis
- Cluster headaches
If you have ptosis, there would be a visible drooping of the upper eyelid, giving the eye a smaller than usual appearance. You may also unconsciously raise your eyebrows and tilt your head frequently to have a better view of objects.
Treatment methodology of ptosis in adults and children varies depending on the cause.
Imperial Healthcare is a center par excellence widely recognized for providing quality eye care to its patients. Imperial Healthcare’s core team comprises of a certified and well experienced ophthalmologist Dr. Vinod Gauba who has mastered the latest cutting edge technology advancements for managing a wide range of complex eye disorders.
Treatment of ptosis often involves corrective surgery to raise the droopy eye lid back to its normal position. This is done by tightening the levator muscles involved in lifting the eye lid.
Surgery is done on an outpatient basis using a local anesthetic. During this procedure, a small cut is made in the crease of your eye lid, and the muscle controlling the movement of the upper eye lid is shortened. Sometimes excess eyelid skin is removed as well, a procedure called blepharoplasty. Finally, the cut is closed with dissolvable stitches.
Your surgeon may employ yet another procedure called a frontal sling or brow suspension if the muscles are unusually weak. In this procedure, a sling of tissue is taken from the region surrounding your knee. This tissue is attached on to the eye lid and forehead muscle, just under the eyebrow. This enables the forehead muscles to lift the eyelid.
Risks and Complications
As is the case with most surgeries, ptosis surgery involves some risks and complications. These are specific to individuals, and therefore, not all people are affected. Some of the complications include bleeding, infection, adverse reaction to the local anesthetic, and incomplete closure of the eyelid. Also, following the surgery of one eye lid, the eyelids may not be perfectly symmetrical.
Please contact Imperial Healthcare for any queries regarding ptosis correction.